Research shows that each year about 30% of people in developed countries suffer from foodborne diseases .
In poorer countries , foodborne and waterborne diseases kill millions , mostly children every year . In the markets here , food items are exposed to flies , rain , wind and dust . Unsafe food which could lead to foodborne illness can also happen from what we do or what we don’t do in our kitchen .
WHAT CAN WE DO TO PROTECT OUR
FAMILY FROM FOODBORNE ILLNESS ?
We will consider four ways to make our foof safe .
(1) Shop wisely : unless you grow your own food your first contact with the food you eat will likely be at the market or suppermarket . Plan your route , that is from which market you buy your food stuffs . Buy non-perishable
food first , then at end of your shopping buy those from the fridges and freezers . If you are to buy hot food , pick it up just before you return home .
Try to purchase fresh food when possible . Go early to the market and pick them up when the sun has not affected them (vegetable stuffs)
Always buy fresh meat slaughtered that day and you can freeze the ones you don’t use . Inspect your food items and check if the food item or meat is free from unusual odours . If the food item is prewrapped , inspect the packaging . Damaged packages can allow poisonous bacteria to enter the food . It is necessary to check the expjration date printed on packaged foods . Experts warn that even if expired foods looks good , tastes good or smells good , it can still make you sick .
Don’t put meat or fish in the same bag with other food items to avoid possible contermination . If it will take longer than 30 ninutes to return home , put chilled or frozen foods into an insulated bag or in other way make sure it is kept cool . Teach your children to check the expiration date of any food item such as snacks before they buy them .
(2) keep it clean : Just as a surgeon protects
his patient by washing his hands , sterilizing his instruments and maintaining a clean operating room , you can also protect your family by keeping yourself , your kitchen and your food clean .
The public health agency of Canada states that hands spread an estimated 80 % of common infections like the common cold and flu . Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before eating and after using the toilet and also when you prepare meal . Keep your kitchen clean .
The sites in the household that were conterminated with the most fecal bacteria are the sponge and the dishcloth in the kitchen , therefore change dish clothes frequently and use hot soapy water or disinfectant to clean kitchen surfaces . It is not always easy but we make sure they are always available to keep our kitchen and homes clean .
Before produce is sold , it may have been contaminated by unclean water , animal fecal matter or other raw food items . Even if you plan to peel fruits or vegetables , rinse them thoroughly to remove harmful bacteria . There
is no rush to avoid had l known .
(3) prepare and store food carefully : Food
that is prepared carelessly warrants caution as it can be harmful or even deadly . Learn to prepare and store food carefully . Store food in the refrigerator., in a microwave or under cold water in a package that will not leak .
According to world health organization , proper cooking kills almost all dangerous micro-organisms . When cooking food especially soup or stew , make sure that it reaches a temperature of at least 70 degres celsius . Cooked food should not be left at room temperature for too long , so serve it soon or even immediately to avoid spoilage . You can keep hot meat in an oven set at approximately 93 degrees celsius . Freeze your
food in small portions to make it easy ti defrost and if you store left overs in the fridge , eat them within three to four days .
At a resturant , you have to trust someone else to prepare your food , so how can you protect your family when eating out ? .
Find out by reading further
(4) Be observant when eating out : If you choose to eat at a resturant someone else purchases the ingredients , cleans the kitchen and cooks the food . Nevertheless you can decide where you eat , what you eat and how you pack any food that you take home .
If you walk into a resturant for the first time , look arround to see if the tables , tablecloths , utensils and servers are clean and tidy . If not leave and look for another resturant . In some lands health officials routinely inspects and grade resturants and then post their results for the public to read
If you have eaten and have leftover , go directly home after your meal and store them in the fridge
If you take the four steps outlined in this post , you can make your food safer and remain healthier and stronger.